The medieval student guilds at Bologna are described by Cobban (1971) as “a by-product of the struggle for survival in a hostile environment”. Students in the 13th and 14th centuries did not come from aristocratic families and were usually dependent on a parent or other benefactor to support them, although they were not as young … Read more The rise and fall of student guilds in the medieval university of Bologna.
An information space is not necessarily a good learning space. In fact, it’s easy to imagine an “information space” (in the English-language sense) which is nearly impossible to learn from. It would be a text presented in an unknown foreign language which is unrelated to any language the learner knows. It would likely consist of … Read more Learning space
This post is a background to the session I’m going to do in the ESP conference this week. When I arrived in Spb in 2000 I was surprised that, in this city of 5 million, you could hardly buy The Economist magazine anywhere. (The Economist tends to write rubbish about economics, but is a reasonable … Read more Information space